@article{Leppälä_2024, title={E-value Formulae for the Odds Ratio: Accepted - April 2024}, url={https://revstat.ine.pt/index.php/REVSTAT/article/view/714}, abstractNote={<p>The <em>E</em>-value is the minimum strength of association that a potential confounder needs to have with either the exposure or the outcome, if it were to alone explain an observed association between the two.<br>Originally defined in terms of the risk ratio (relative risk), this short note explores the <em>E</em>-value formulae where one or several of the three relationships is measured using the odds ratio instead.<br>A rigorous but elegant alternative is presented to the square root approximation that has been proposed earlier as a convenient but wrong way to combine odds ratios and <em>E</em>-values.</p>}, journal={REVSTAT-Statistical Journal}, author={Leppälä, Kalle}, year={2024}, month={Apr.} }